INTRODUCTIONProsthetics and Orthotics is generally a health care profession based on engineering dealing with rehabilitation of physically handicapped individuals who suffer from limb malfunctions or abnormalities or absence or loss of limbs or other body parts.Prosthetists provide patients with prostheses (artificial limbs) to replace an amputated hand, arm, foot or leg.
Generally such conditions arise due to accidents or amputation of the part of the body for reasons like diabetes or gangrene or cancer or congenital or even cases like polio. Here comes the need of a Prosthetists and Orthotists who help in giving treatment by means of an an external support for movement and strength to go about their routine activities.tyhus these professionals help such people to return to a normal life by using their skills and advanced medical technology.
They generally have to work with a team of orthopaedics, physiatrists and other medical professionals and only a trained Prosthetists and Orthotists can work competently. These professional works as part of a clinical team which comprises of orthopaedics, physiatrists, nurses and related medical professionals. They have to detailed study of the patient and based on the nature of the disability they have to formulate designs and select materials and components for making the aids and fitting them in such a way that they do not cause discomfort. They have to take part in follow-up procedures, maintenance and replacement of the orthotic and prosthetic aids. They have also got to educate about this safe medical practice to the patient and their relatives thus improving social awareness.
With increasing awareness in the field of Prosthetics and Orthotics the employment opportunities is demanding. Though it is time demanding one but brings with it good employment opportunities and self practice facilities. They are generally employed in
• Laboratories Work room and fitting rooms
• Device manufacturing companies
• Rehabilitation departments
• Ambulatory care services arthritis centers.
• Teaching and research and development centers.
• Manufacturing and maintenance units.
Based on experience and educational qualifications they may be recruited as
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Institutes : Some of the prominent institutions offering courses in Prosthetics and Orthotics can be had from the following links.. Click here for more information