INTRODUCTIONAnxiety is a normal reaction to stress. It helps one deal with a tense situation in the office, study harder for an exam, and keep focused on an important speech. In general, it helps one cope. But when anxiety becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, it has become a disabling disorder. We all know what anxiety feels like. Our heart pounds before a big presentation or a tough exam.
YOGA AND ANXIETY
Proper breathing is essential for good health. Most people don't realize that improper breathing can cause a lot of problems ranging from general fatigue and anxiety to heart disease and cancer. This is because cell health is dependent on sufficient oxygen supply. Shallow breathing has become a hallmark of our lifestyle. Were actually too busy to breathe. This hightens the body's stress response and leads to anxiety. Yoga psychology also suggests many techniques for resolving conflicts, including acknowledging and accepting the conflict in all its depth; recognizing the need for some kind of change; resisting the inclination to act out feelings or to do nothing; exploring alternatives; communicating with others without blaming them; accepting feedback from others; using discrimination in accepting or rejecting alternatives; surrendering to necessary losses; acting with determination; accepting outcomes with equanimity; working calmly on a problem even if a negative outcome, or no outcome, seems inevitable; and letting intuition suggest new possibilities. These strategies are derived from what in yoga are called the yamas and niyamas-the attitudes toward life that are the basis of all yoga practices.
YOGA POSES FOR ANXIETY
Single Leg Raise Pose
This is one of the best yoga poses for anxiety. Lie down straight on your back. Raise the right leg up straight and as far as possible while inhaling. Lower it back to original position exhaling. Then repeat the same with left leg. In the next cycle hold your feet with opposite hand while in the raised position. Hold it there for a while till you took a few breaths.
This is simply the easiest of the yoga poses for anxiety. Lying flat on stomach rest your palms besides your shoulders. Holding the feet together and toes pointing away, push-up your head and chest gently off the ground with head lifted up fully. Breathing sequence is inhaling while pushing up and exhaling on the way back.
Sage Twist Pose
This is also known as ardha matsyendrasana. Start like paschimothanasana. Rest right foot on left knee clamping it there, lock it by your left armpit and support yourself by resting right palm on the floor on the right side. Bend the left knee so much as to touch your hips by left heel. Twist torso as much as is possible to right and breathe 4-5 times. Go back to original position and do it for the next leg.
This is one of the effective yoga postures to reduce stress and anxiety. Proceed from shvana asana. With knees spread fully on the floor bend forward so much as to touch your belly to thighs and forehead to ground. Keep the hands fully stretched in front of you.
Sitting in padmasana, inhale till lungs are full. Hold breath as long as possible. Exhale from left nostril by closing the right one with right thumb. In the next cycle, exhale from the right nostril, closing the left nostril this time with right index finger.
YOGA ASANAS FOR ANXIETY
Shalabha" means "locust" in Sanskrit. The final position of this asana resembles a locust when it lowers its head to eat and raises its tail. Hence, the name 'Ardha' means 'half' in Sanskrit.
• Lie on the stomach with the face down on the ground.
• Stretch both the arms beside the body and clench the fists lightly.
• The hands can also be placed under the thighs. Inhale and retain the breath till the completion of the posture. 4. Pull the body and raise either of the legs by about 30 cms off the ground. Raise the leg as high as possible. Stretch the soles of the feet.
• Hold this position for five to thirty seconds.
• Then slowly bring the leg down on the ground.
• Exhale very slowly. Repeat this exercise with the other leg.
It's a very comfortable yoga position in which one lies in prone position on the abdomen with the head resting on the upper limbs. This position is also a first step for another asana, the Bhujangasana.
• Lie on your back with legs and arms straight, feet together and palms on the floor beside your body. While exhaling, raise your legs slowly upto 90 and then the whole body and the rest your weight on the arms so that the chin touches the jugular notch.
• Bring the arms and hands to support your body at the hip region (fingers at the back and thumb in front of the body). The entire weight of your body rests on the head, neck and shoulders while the arms are used for balancing.
• Keep the trunk, legs and hips in a straight line and as vertical as possible Focus your eyes on your toes, with your chin pressed against the chest. Retain the posture for one for three minutes.
• While exhaling, return to the lying position by bringing the leg backward and releasing the hands and the palms.
This Asana has also come through tradition. It has been described widely in modern Yoga Texts. We assume a triangular form through this practice hence it is called Trikonasana.
• Stand erect with legs together, hands by the side of the thighs.
• Make two or two and half feet distance between two legs and raise both the hands towards each side, so to make a parallel line with shoulder.
• Slowly bending towards right side (lateral) touch the toe of the left leg with the forefinger and middle finger of the right hand and raise the left hand towards sky. Gaze also should be up towards left hand.
• After maintaining it for sometime, slowly return to the second position.
• Now start bending slowly lateral towards left side and touch the toe of the right leg with left hand. Keep pointing towards sky. Gaze should be towards raised right hand.
• While returning back to the original position brings down your raised hand, leave the toes and stand erect with legs together.
Makara' in Sanskrit is crocodile. This position is basically meant for relaxation after performing other asanas.
• Lie in Saashtaangasana position.
• Spread the legs apart, so that the feet are at least 18 to 24 inches from one another.
• The heels should oppose each other with the toes pointing away.
• The thighs, abdomen and chest should rest on the ground and fold your arms so that they form a triangle under the face. The palms should clasp your opposite shoulder.
• The head rests on the triangle formed by the elbows and the shoulders.
• While breathing deeply stay in this position for at least 10 to 15 minutes.
Vakrasana was taught before Ardhamatsyendrasana, 'Vakra' means 'twisted'.
• Sit in Dandasana. Bend the right leg and bring the right foot near the left knee.
• Place the right palm on the ground right behind the back, the fingers pointing backwards.
• With the left arm, kept straight, push the bent leg towards the left. If possible, place the arm on the ground near the right foot.
• Pressing against the right leg and the ground, twist the head and shoulders as far back as possible.
• While returning, first bring back the head and shoulders.
• Doing the same motions on the other side completes the asana.
This is one of the simplest postures where you lie on the floor in prone position, with the abdomen resting on the ground. This is a posture of adoration, submission, reverence and prayer normally adopted by a Hindu when he goes to a temple and while paying his respects and reverence to a holy man, teacher, senior, elderly person etc. This is a very auspicious and pious posture. It helps in relaxing the body and mind before and after doing any difficult asanas.
• Spread a neat cloth or mat on the floor and lie on it straight in prone position over the abdomen with the face touching the ground.
• Keep both the feet close to each other with the soles of the feet facing up and extend both the hands above the head in a straight position with the arms touching the ears.
• Let the palms and fingers of both hands oppose each other in a Namaskar Mudras.
• Close the eyes and breathe normally while concentrating on your objective.
• You can hold this posture as long as you can. Many asanas are based on this posture.
Yoga Sutra which is the ancient text dwelling on all traditional yoga basic, defines the sand script term of asana as something comfortable and easy but firm. Yoga asanas can be interpreted as common yoga positions which allow the practitioners to be perfectly balanced between activity and non-activity. Asanas description applies that at the time of exercising, the practitioners are, as yoga authorities put it, being doing, and being done by the yoga positions. A unique characteristic of Indian astrology are the yoga's. Yoga's are planetary positions that lead to a certain result. Yoga is a term for good fortune and unless specified otherwise, yoga is a good yoga. Yoga is a particular placement or combination of planets, which collectively raise the fortunes of a person, which cannot be deciphered by individual study of placement of participating planet. According to astrological reports for yoga asanas the above mentioned asanas are said to be effective for those who come under the following zodiac sign