|Binomial name||Croton lechleri|
Other Common Names:
The other common names for the dragon's blood tree are Drago, Sangre de Drago and Sangue de Drago.
Dragon's blood is the latex (tears) which form when the bark of the Croton lechleri tree is cut. This dark sap is collected and is then marketed under the name "Dragon's blood". The Peruvian name of this tree is "sangre de grado" literally meaning "blood of the dragon" and in Ecuador it is called "sangre de drago" - which has the same meaning.Sangre de grado, Spanish for "blood of the dragon," has a long history of use for both the bark and the resin.
The sangre de drago tree is found in the Amazon rain forest and normally grows between 30 to 100 feet. It is a tree of the genera Croton, with wide and round crown, from which bark can be, extracted dark-reddish resinous latex. The trunk is usually less than 30 cm in diameter and is covered by smooth, mottled bark.
This tree can be found along the tropics in the Amazon region in Peru.Sangre de grado is a medium-sized to large tree that grows from 10-20 m high in the upper Amazon region of Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia.
Dragon's blood thrives best in low and mid elevation forests, between 100 to about 1800m, within temperature ranges of 18 degree celsius to 30 degree Celsius and annual rainfall between 2000 and 4000mm, with a minimum of 1000mm.
Germination takes place anywhere between 8 to 22 days, most often 15 days .Natural regeneration is minimal in closed canopies and even in secondary forests with fairly closed canopies, where the ground is shaded. In these cases, reproduction is entirely contingent on seeds being dispersed to natural clearings or disturbed areas. Only in trees growing in open areas are seedlings found at the base of the tree.
Pests and Diseases
Dragon's blood are not really affected by pests and diseases but occasionally disturbed by Canker, coral spot, leaf blight and scale insects. Leaf blotch can be a significant problem. Powdery mildew and anthracnose are also frequent problems. Watch for bagworms, Japanese beetles and borers are infrequent but potentially troublesome. Leaf scorch (brown edges) may occur in droughty conditions or on sites exposed to wind.
The resinous exudation of the bark, the sap is commonly used for its medicinal and commercial applications.
• It is used by indigenous people to externally treat wounds, haemorrhoids and fractures.
• Internally, it is used for stomach ulcers, as well as a douche for vaginal problems and discharge.
• Dragon's blood is used for fevers and inflamed gums, vaginal baths - before and after childbirth, as well as haemorrhaging after childbirth.
• Dragon's blood has been used for its antiviral, wound healing, and GI benefits.
• Dragon's blood is used for insect bites, poison ivy and other itchy or allergic skin reactions.
• The highly astringent sap is a commonly consumed health product that provides nutritional support for the normal functioning of the bodies tissue-repair mechanisms.
• Dragon's blood is used in treating stomach ulcers, ulcerative colitis, dysentery and diarrhea.
• It is mainly used in treating skin infections, fungi, rashes, and dermatitis.
• Dragon's blood is used to stop bleeding and to seal, and heal wounds, burns, cuts, tooth extractions.
• It is also used internally for ulcers in the mouth, throat, intestines and stomach; as an antiviral for upper respiratory viruses, stomach viruses and HIV; internally and externally for cancer and, topically, for skin disorders, insect bites and stings.
• It is used as a colouring matter for varnishes, tooth-pastes, tinctures, plasters, for dyeing horn to imitate tortoiseshell, etc.
• Drops of the sap of dragon blood are used in beverages.
• In China it is famous for its red varnish.
• It is commercially employed in the manufacture of skin rejunavating cream.
• They are also involved in the anti-ageing capsules.
It is used in India during ceremonies designed to remove negative energies or spirits. While is many Catholic Churches it is used in their Frankincense mixture to intensify the smoke as well as for its disinfectant properties. It has strong antiseptic and Bactericide properties therefore it is useful for cleansing an area of germs.
An ancient incense used for love, protection and to exorcise negative energies. This powerful cleansing smoke will bring balance and clarity wherever it is used. For thousands of years, Native peoples have gethered the sap from sacred trees to be burned as incense to enhance their spiritual work. These resins release heavenly fragrances when melted on hot charcoal that heal, clear psychic space and create a calming, sacred atmosphere. A piece of the plant is often used under the mattress as a cure for impotency. In African-American folk magic it is used in mojo hands for money-drawing or love-drawing. It is also added to red ink to make "Dragon's Blood Ink", which is used to inscribe magical spells, seals and talismans.