|Binomial name||Tulipa batalinii|
Other Common Names:
The other common name for tulip is tulipa.
The Tulip was originally a wild flower growing in the Central Asia and was first cultivated by the Turks as early as 1,000 AD. The flower were introduced in the westen Europe and the Netherlands in the 17th century by Carolus Clusius, a famous biologist from Vienna. He had seen the beautiful flower, called tulip after the Turkish word for turban, grow in the palace gardens and sent a few to Clusius for his garden in Leiden.
He planted them and this was the start of the amazing bulb fields we can see today. The is one of the world's most easily recognized and loved flowers. The meanings of tulips coupled with the immediately identifiable shape of their colourful blooms make them a comfortable flower choice.
There are some 120 species of wild tulips and more than 2300 extant named varieties of garden tulips. All tulips are hardy bulbous perennial herbs with mostly basal, strap like leaves. The flowers are usually cup or bowl shaped and usually has six tepals. However, there are tulips with star shaped flowers, double flowers, and tulips with tepals that are reflexed, elongated, or fringed.
The tulip is a plant of the large genus Tulipa, hardy, bulbous-rooted members of the family Liliaceae found in abundance on the steppes of Central Asia. The tulip is actually a native of central Asia. The tulip is a native of the Tien-Shan and Pamir-alai Mountain Ranges near Islamabad. Tulips spread to China and Mongolia from this point, and from there entered the far reaches of Europe.
It requires partial to full sun to flourish, and for this reason often survives an average of three days indoors. They come from climates that have cold winters and dry summers and grow from near sea level to high in the mountains, usually on arid, stoney, hillside meadows.
When planting tulips, it is nice to place them close to one another to avoid having them standing by themselves in the Spring. This is one flower that always looks better in groups. You can place bulbs as close as six inches away from each other in the ground, and for long rows of tulips, sometimes it is nice to dig a trench to plant them in. Tulips require ground that does not retain much water, because with prolonged exposure to water in the ground they tend to rot. You can test the ground by pouring water in a hole and checking to make sure it drains away in a reasonable amount of time. When tulips begin to die in the summer, it's important to leave them until they have all become brown. This ripens the soil for the next year, and also allows the tulips to live to their full life span. Be sure to rake away the browned and dead parts of tulips in June or July, however.
The root, bulb and the flowers are the most commonly used parts of tulip for its commercial and medicinal applications.
The cup shaped colourful flowers of the tulip are in bloom in spring.
Pests and Diseases
Botrytis tulip is a major fungal disease affecting tulips, causing cell death leading to rotten plants. Other pathogens include Anthracnose, bacterial soft rot, blight caused by Sclerotium rolfsii, bulb nematodes, other rots including blue molds, black molds and mushy rot. Historically variegated varieties admired during the Dutch tulip mania gained their delicately feathered patterns from an infection with Tulip Breaking potyvirus, the mosaic virus that was carried by the green peach aphids, Myzus persicae. Persicae were common in European gardens of the seventeenth century. While the virus produces fantastically colourful flowers, it also caused weakened plants that died slowly.
Commercial and Medicinal Applications
• Tulips are beautiful planted in clumps of at least ten of one variety in spring borders and among foundation plantings, but they are most often massed in formal beds.
• The compact kaufmanniana tulips are often used in rock gardens.
• Essential oil is used in the perfume industry.
• It helps in controlling pollution.
• Plants have been grown indoors in pots in order to help remove toxins from the atmosphere.
• It has been shown to help remove formaldehyde, xylene and ammonia.
• It is used as a cut rose.
The meaning of tulips is generally perfect love. Like many flowers, different colours of tulips also often carry their own significance. Red tulips are most strongly associated with true love, while purple symbolizes royalty. The meaning of yellow tulips has evolved somewhat, from once representing hopeless love to now being a common expression for cheerful thoughts and sunshine. White tulips are used to claim worthiness or to send a message of forgiveness. Variegated tulips, once among the most popular varieties due to their striking colour patterns, represent beautiful eyes.
The is one of the world's most easily recognized and loved flowers. The meanings of tulips coupled with the immediately identifiable shape of their colourful blooms make them a comfortable flower choice. The tulip originated over ten decades ago in Persia and Turkey, where it played a significant role in the art and culture of the time. Most likely commenting on the Turkish tradition of wearing tulips in one's turban, Europeans mistakenly gave tulips their name, which comes from the Persian word meaning turban. Tulip Time is one of the largest flower festivals in the United States. The Netherlands is the tulip capital of the world. The tulip is a native Dutch flower.