Technological advances have turned milk processing from an art to science. Dairy technology is based on the sciences of nutrition, bacteriology and biochemistry and it plays a dynamic role in agro-based economy. The availability and distribution of milk and milk products today in the modern world is a blend of the centuries old knowledge of traditional milk products with the application of modern science and technology. Dairy industry, now a highly specialized field today involves production, procurement, storage, processing and distribution of dairy products. Dairy Farming has grown from an unorganized to an organized industry, by not only increasing the production of milk and associated products but also the breeding of higher yielding cattle, and the scientific rearing of cattle and production of cattle feeds. This has proportionately increased the demand for trained manpower in this sector.
The main jobs are in production and processing. Production process includes the collection of milk, breeding of high yielding cattle and taking care of the animals. There are different categories of people who are involved in this industry each one assigned with a different role. Dairy Technologists mainly deal with the technical and quality control aspect of the processing industry and also work to develop improved methods in processing, production preservation and utilization of milk and milk products. Experiments and research on breeding, feeding and management of dairy cattle are done by the scientists. There are engineers in this field who are responsible for dairy maintenance and related activities.
A course on dairy technology generally includes disciplines like
which deals with technological aspects
which deals with the ratio of milk and cream in a dairy product
which maintain products standards
Thus the course is prepared to impart knowledge on packaging, processing, transportation, storage and distribution of dairy products.
Rapid development in the dairy industry is a boon for the dairy technologists as it also generates employment opportunities in dairy equipment manufacturing and technical consultancy. Openings for a dairy technologist are available in both the public and the private sector. They can find job in
• Dairy farms
• Rural banks
• Milk product processing
• Manufacturing industries
• Quality control departments
• Research and Development industries.
A large number of dairy technologists also start their own business such as small-scale milk plants, creamery, ice-cream units etc or work as consultants. A consultant, however, needs several years of working experience in dairy farms to be successful. Jobs of food inspectors and quality controllers are also available in the dairy plants.
FAMOUS PERSONALITY IN THE FIELD OF DAIRY TECHNOLOGY
Professor Harjinder Singh, co-director of the Riddet Institute at New Zealand's Massey University, was presented by the California Dairy Research Foundation (CDRF) with the William C. Haines Dairy Science Award in recognition of his contribution to the field of dairy science. The award was given to Singh on March 18 at the 10th Cal Poly Dairy Ingredients Symposium in San Francisco where he gave a presentation on the use of milk proteins as potential nano-encapsulation and nutrient delivery systems. He is an authority on milk proteins and their relationship to dairy technology and processing. His research has contributed to the fundamental understanding and functionality of milk proteins and hydrocolloids in food systems, knowledge that has formed the solid basis of the development of new dairy products with improved nutrition, functionality and shelf-life.
Dr. Verghese Kurien is better known as the "father of the white revolution" in India. He is also called as the Milkman of India. Dr. Varghese Kurien was the architect behind the success of the largest dairy development program in the world, christened as Operation Flood. He was the chairman of the Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. (GCMMF) and his name was synonymous with the Amul brand. He completed special studies in engineering at the Tata Iron and Steel Company Institute at Jamshedpur, Bihar, in February 1946 and underwent nine months of specialized training in dairy engineering at the National Dairy Research Institute of Bangalore.
In 1965, the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, created the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) under the leadership of Dr. Verghese Kurien to replicate the success story of Amul throughout the country. In 1973, Dr. Kurien set up GCMMF (Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation) to market the products produced by the dairies. Under Dr. Kurien's stewardship India became the as the largest producer of milk in the world.
During his illustrious career, Dr. Verghese Kurien won many accolades and awards. These include: Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership (1963), Padma Shri (1965), Padma Bhushan (1966), Krishi Ratna Award (1986), Wateler Peace Prize Award of Carnegie Foundation (1986), World Food Prize Laureate (1989), International Person of the Year(1993) by the World Dairy Expo, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, and Padma Vibhushan (1999).
Horoscope - Career for Zodiac Signs
So if you think you can aspire to make your career in dairy technology and if the sun signs listed below are yours then go ahead for a successful future
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