The flag of Mongolia was adopted in the year 1992 by its new constitution. The flag is divided into three vertical stripes of equal width where the centre portion is blue bordered on both the sides by red.
The national emblem of Mongolia is soyombo which is a geometrical representation of water, earth, fire, moon and sun. This emblem yellow in colour occupies the red stripe which is towards the left side of the blue. There is the symbol of fire indicating revival and growth and also has three rays of flame signifying the past, present and future. The religion of the Mongols which is pre-Buddhist in nature is represented by the sun and the moon symbols below the fire. There are two triangles pointing downwards which signifies death is for sure for all the enemies of Mongolians. The relationship of honesty and fairness between the rulers and the people is symbolized by the two small horizontal rectangles. The soyombo has the yin yang Chinese symbol between the rectangles which shows the unity of all opposites like dark and light, female and male and cold and hot. But however according to Mongolians this represent fish which never close their eyes thus signifying reason and wisdom. There are two vertical rectangles placed parallel inside which 3/4th of the soyombo is placed. These two fortress representing rectangles says that it indicates that the Mongol people are so united which is the foundation of the nation's strength.
It is believed that the nature of fire tends to glow and go upwards thus raising things into the clouds and beyond. Fire symbol in the flag represents the fiery nature of the Mongolians who have high spirits, ideals, self-confidence, enthusiasm, and direct honesty and openness. Earth symbol signifies the real and objectiveness of the people of Mongolia. For anything to manifest, it must contain the elements earth or water. According to astrology fish denotes the alertness of the Mongolians and also coincidentally corresponds to the era of Jesus's time, that being from the year 0 to the year 2000, roughly, the "age" of Pisces.
The sun is taken as the head of the planets and a symbol of the soul. Similarly, the moon is taken as the head of the asteroids and a symbol of the heart. The sun is the heavenly symbol of fire. It is even the symbol of life because it provides the heat necessary for living beings. It soaks up the water and gives it back in the form of rain, making food production possible on earth. It stands for the primary karmic shaping that is to be undergone in this lifetime. We respond at the deepest level through the filter of our Sun Sign, which is a mark of the soul's developmental needs in this incarnation.
According to the Hindu religion, Sun is one of the Dev or Gods among five Gods or the Panchadev .The history of the worship of the sun is connected with ancient Vedic rituals. Even the 12 signs of the zodiac and the 12 months are related to the movement of the sun. The Moon is large enough for its gravity to affect the Earth, stabilizing its orbit and producing the regular ebb and flow of the tides. The Moon is familiar to us for its different phases, waxing and waning in appearance in an unchanging cycle. It is also associated with the mother, maternal instincts or the urge to nurture, the home, the need for security, and the past, especially early experiences and childhood. The moon has been used as the symbol of Elixir and is believed to give eternal life. Every religious ritual is done according to the waxing and waning of the moon. The moon even reflects the peaceful and friendly attitude of the Mongolians.
Red is active, daring, passionate, and optimistic. It enhances alertness and encourages activity. Red is held to be the most intense colour, the furthest from both black and white, and it is noteworthy that those languages which only have words for three basic colours always select black, white, and red. The red colour according to astrology signifies passion, warmth, vigor, strength and vitality which are also the nature of the Mongolians. Red being related to fire and blood it is considered to be symbol of heat. It is even believed that red is the first color used by human beings. Blue is idealistic, rational, honest, and tranquil. The blue colour is also considered more sociable. The colour blue and its importance was derived from the skin colour of Lord Krishna, who is revered as the divine flute player. The special energy of the second Moon was considered 'blue' or divine by Indian religious scholars and priests. Blue symbolizes knowledge, wisdom, honesty, tranquility, and peace. Blue is a symbol of cold for it is related to sky and deep sea. The white colour is precise, critical, and sincere and in the Mongolia flag it is used as the symbol of purity. Yellow color of the star signifies the intellectual and communicative nature of people of Mongolia. It is used to produce detachment and reduce depression. Yellow is considered as the most positive of colours and the closest to pure light. It also symbolizes the Sun. For years yellow ribbons were worn as a sign of hope as women waited from their men to come marching home from war. Today, they are still used to welcome home loved ones and denotes active, daring, passionate, and optimistic. It enhances alertness and encourages activity.
Numerology is the study of numbers, and the occult manner in which they reflect certain aptitudes and character tendencies, as an integral part of the cosmic plan. The sun and the moon 1 in number according to numerology signifies the leadership skills, goal-oriented, strong will power,courageous,unconventional, inventive and creative skills of the Mongolians. The 2 number of fishes denotes the gentle, subtle, cooperative and loving nature of people. The 3 number of flames also signifies the positive and optimistic way of looking at life. The numerology for the country name Mongolia is 5 which signify that the Mongolians are versatile and multi-talented, upbeat and inspirational good communicator and motivators.