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Grahas (Planets) & their significance

In Hindu Astrology there are nine planets or Grahas. These include Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter,Sun, Moon,Saturn Rahu and Ketu, which are astronomical points formed where the moons orbit intersects the apparent path of the Sun around the earth.  Each planet is considered to be having masculine, feminine or neutral characteristics as well .

Grahas and their equivalents in Western Astrology

Indian Grahas

Western Names

Sex

Ravi

Sun

Masculine

Chandra

Moon

Feminine

Kuja

Mars

Masculine

Budha

Mercury

Neutral

Guru

Jupiter

Masculine

Sukra

Venus

Feminine

Sani

Saturn

Neutral

Rahu

Dragon's Head

Feminine

Ketu

Dragon's Tail

Neutral



Temple For Navagraha

Rahu and Ketu

The Moons apparent path intersects the ecliptic obliquely at two points called the nodes.The point where the Moon crosses the ecliptic from south to north is called the ascending node or Rahu, where it crosses the ecliptic from north to south is called descending node or Ketu. These two points are 180 degrees apart and their movement is constantly  retrograde, meaning, against the normal direction of movement of planets. Rahu and Ketu are given special status and considered as planets in Indian astrology.But they are not included in Western Astrology. Rahu and Ketu take approximately eighteen years and ten days to complete one round of the zodiac .

Grahas'Relationships

Each planet or Graha considers another planet as friend, enemy or equal. Some relationships are not mutual, for example, while one planet considers another as a friend, the second planet in turn may not see the first one as a friend. Mercury and Moon are examples.

Grahas (Planets)

Friends

Equals

Enemies

Sun

Moon

Mars

Jupiter

Mercury

Venus

Saturn

Rahu

Moon

Sun

Mercury

Mars

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Rahu

Mars

Sun

Moon

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Mercury

Rahu

Mercury

Sun

Venus

Rahu

Mars

Jupiter

Saturn

Moon

Jupiter

Sun

Moon

Mars

Saturn

Rahu

Mercury

Venus

Venus

Mercury

Saturn

Rahu

Jupiter

Mars

Sun

Moon

Saturn

Mercury

Venus

Rahu

Jupiter

Sun

Moon

Mars

Rahu

Mercury

Venus

Saturn

Jupiter

Sun

Moon

Mars

Ketu

Mercury

Venus

Saturn

Rahu

Jupiter

Sun

Moon

Mars

Grahas And Gemstones

Each graha (planet) of Indian astroogy has a gem stone associated with it. The nine stones corresponding to the nine planets are called the Navaratna group of stones

Planets

Gemstones

Image

Ravi (Sun)

Ruby

ruby

Chandra (Moon)

Pearl

pearl

Kuja (Mars)

Coral

coral

Budha (Mercury)

Emerald

emerald

Guru (Jupiter)

Yellow Sapphire

topaz

Sukra (Venus)

Diamond

diamond

Sani (Saturn)

Blue Sapphire

bluesapphire

Rahu (Dragon's Head)

Gomed

Gomed

Ketu (Dragon's Tail)

Cat's Eye

cateye

Grahas (Planets )& Associated Colors

Grahas (Planets)

Colors

Image

Ravi (Sun)

Red

red

Chandra (Moon)

White

white

Kuja (Mars)

Red

red

Budha (Mercury)

Green

green

Guru (Jupiter)

Yellow

yellow

Sukra (Venus)

White

white

Sani (Saturn)

Blue

blue

Rahu (Dragon's Head)

Smoke

smoke

Ketu (Dragon's Tail)

Smoke

smoke

Grahas (Planets) and their Respective Elements

Grahas (Planets)

Element

Image

Mercury

Earth

globe4

Sun

Fire

fire

Saturn

Air

birds

Jupiter

Ethereal

moon

Venus, Moon

Water

water

Grahas (Planets) & Associated Characters

Character

Ravi (Sun)

Chandra (Moon)

Kuja (Mars)

Budha (Mercury)

Color

Copper

White

Red

Green

Sex

Male

Female

Male

Eunuch

Element

Fire

Water

Fire

Earth

God

Agni

Varuna

Subramanya

Vishnu

Metal

Copper

Gems

Gold

Brass

BodyPart

Bone

Blood

Marrow

Skin

Grains

Wheat

Paddy

Lentil

Greengram

Seasons

Summer

Winter

Summer

Autumn

Taste

Pungent

Salt

Acidity

Mixed

Residence

Place of Worship

Springs

Fire

Playground


Character

Jupiter

Venus

Saturn

Color

Gold/Silver

White/Yellow

Blue/Black

Sex

Male

Female

Eunuch

Element

Ether

Water

Air

God

Indra

Indrani

Brahma

Metal

Silver

Diamond

Iron

Body Parts

Brain

Semen

Muscles

Grains

Bengalgram

Beans

Sesame

Seasons

Snow

Spring

All Seasons

Taste

Sweet

Sour

Astringent

Residence

Store-house

Bed-room

DustBin