Industrial engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with development,designing,implementing or improving integrated systems comprised of people, materials, information or energy and knowledge.It is the study of the the principles and methods of engineering analysis and synthesis.Initially industrial engineering dealt with manufacturing but however in course of time it's service was rendered to fields like operations research, systems engineering,ergonomics and quality engineering.Thus industrial engineering is applied in virtually every industry.Industrial engineers typically use computer simulation, especially discrete event simulation, for system analysis and evaluation. The areas covering ndustrial Engineering include work-study, operations and maintenance, production planning and control, materials management, value engineering, network models such as Program Evaluation and Review Technique ,Critical Path Method, operations research, computer science, financial Management, Statistical Quality Control etc.
The definition for industrial engineering falls into a wide category like operations management, systems engineering, production engineering, manufacturing engineering or manufacturing systems engineering which depends on the viewpoint or motives of the user. Examples of where industrial engineering might be used include shortening lines at a theme park, streamlining an operating room, Supply Chain Management, and manufacturing cheaper and more reliable automobiles, ergonomics, process Engineering, value Engineering and quality Engineering.Industrial engineering also evolve management control systems to assist in financial planning, cost analysis, production planning and physical distribution of goods and services. Industrial engineers find creative new ways to solve tough problems. From microelectronics, telecommunications, and retail to transportation, hospitals, and government, industrial engineers make it happen more efficiently thus encompassing srevices to wide category.
Industrial engineering is challenging, rewarding, and full of opportunity. There's no limit to the places you can go with a degree in industrial engineering.Because of the broad-based nature of the course there is a wide scope of employment in this particular industries.
• Production and industrial engineers can work with all types of engineering and manufacturing industries in the private and public sectors.
• Self employment opportunities are also available as consultants or specialists in methods and work operation usually after suitable years of industrial experience.
• They can get into Research & Development establishments of big companies.
• Purchase engineers.
• Technical sales managers.
• Plant engineers and suprevisors.
• Manufacturing engineers.
• Quality engineers.
• Process engineers.
• Industrial managers in different industries, management and service sectors.
• Assets or manufacture engineer.Health and safety manager.
• Logistics manager. Project manager.
• Scheduling and planning manager.Operations manager.
• Industrial engineers work in a variety of research labs and industries including manufacturing, communications, transportations, banking, pharmaceuticals, finance, travel, semiconductor, e-business, sports, health and information technology.
Lee Iacocca has written several successful books, but he is best known for reviving the Chrysler automobile brand in the 1980s as Chief Executive Officer of the car company.Lee Iacocca, born Lido Anthony Iacocca on October 15, 1924, grew up in Allentown Pennsylvania and was the son of Italian immigrants. He attended William Allen High School as part of his primary education and later studied at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. During his years at the university, Iacocca became a member of the Theta Chi Fraternity and eventually gradated with a degree in industrial engineering, a focus suitable to the booming steel industry in the area. With a Wallace Memorial Fellowship, Lee Iacocca traveled to Princeton University in nearby New Jersey to study politics and plastics before beginning his career in the automotive industry with the Ford Motor Company. He began his career at Ford as an engineer but soon switched to sales and eventually moved to product development where the work better suited his desires. His "56 for 56" marketing campaign in 1956 was a landmark in his career with Ford and eventually helped him rise through the ranks of the company where he ended up as President of the Ford Division in 1964.
During his career with Ford, Iacocca helped design and market several of Ford's most successful automobiles including the Ford Mustang, the Ford Fiesta, and the Lincoln Continental Mark III. He also helped revive the Mercury brand with the Mercury Marquis and the Mercury Cougar. Although he helped Ford earn billions in profit, Henry Ford II fired Lee Iacocca in 1978 as a result of personal conflicts between them. Immediately following his departure from Ford, Lee Iacocca joined the Chrysler Corporation to help them revive their failing automobile business. At the time, Chrysler was on the verge of bankruptcy and was losing money on larger model cars. As soon as he stepped into office as Chairman, Iacocca began rebuilding the business by restructuring levels, removing workers, and selling off portions of the corporation that were losing money. Besides bringing over some professionals from his work at Ford, Iacocca also brought with him the MiniMax project, a minivan model that Henry Ford II hated and refused to incorporate into the Ford line of products.
With the fuel crisis of the 1970s, Americans were looking for automobiles that were more fuel efficient and inexpensive than previous models. As a result, Iacocca introduced small compact cars from Chrysler that the American public embraced. These small models, along with the minivan, were ideas that had been rejected by Ford. The smaller Chrysler models were a hit and the minivan became the essential family vehicle as soon as it was introduced only a few years later.Iacocca eventually left Chrysler in 1993, but not before acquiring AMC, the parent company of the Jeep brand. The Jeep Grand Cherokee had been in Lee Iacocca's sights for a long time and he helped Chrysler acquire the rights prior to his departure. Besides contributing to the American automotive industry, Lee Iacocca also wrote a series of books detailing his life and work. He has also been a long-time supporter of diabetes research ever since his first wife, Mary McCleary, died of complications from diabetes in 1983. Although he has officially retired from Chrysler, Iacocca continues to write and speak on behalf of the company and contributes to websites and editorias concerning politics and the state of America.
Wifredo Ricart (1897 - 1974 )
This Spanish engineer devoted his professional career to the automotive industry, and was successful in that field. He was born as Wifredo-Pelayo Ricart Medina in Barcelona. Graduating as an industrial engineer in 1918, he took up his first job at Hispano-Suiza, changing the company soon for Motores Ricart-Perez. Breathing in the atmosphere of the 'Happy Twenties' in Barcelona, Ricart designed his first car in 1922. The 4-cylinder automobile was ahead of its time, so that it even ran in the Barcelona Grand Prix. In 1926, Wifredo Ricart established his own company, Motores Autom�viles Ricart. That same year, during the Paris Motor Show he presented two prototypes of the new Ricart car. From 1930 he was a member of the American Society of Automotive Engineers. He moved to Italy, where for eight years he worked for Alfa Romeo, performing duties of Chief Engineer for Special Projects. Soon after his return to Barcelona in 1945, he was about to leave for a contract to the United States, however offered a leadership over a new project named Enasa, he stayed and struggled throughout the Civil War to produce modern cars and trucks. The results were visible in 1951, when the Pegaso Z-102 was presented at the Paris Motor Show. The massive production followed, contributing to Spain's economical growth in 1960s and 1970s, with such reasons to pride as Pegaso Z-207 trucks, coaches or the Z-501 trolleybus.
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