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RUBY

Overview:

Trace amounts of chromium gives Ruby its bright red color . Ruby is a term for red gemstones derived from the mineral corundum, formed primarily from aluminum oxide.A Ruby is actually a Sapphire of red color. It is an extremeley hard and durable gemstone, well suited for all jewelry applications. Top quality Rubies are highly prized, and in larger sizes are frequently valued above all other gemstones, including Diamonds. Rubies over two carats are extremely rare and valuable.

Usage:Considered one of the most precious and perfect gemstones, Ruby symbolizes the sun, freedom and power. It is a sacred gem to the Buddhists, and are called "tears of Buddha". Increases energy levels and it will stimulate love if worn close to the heart. It

protects sensitive natures, health and wealth, controls passions. Stimulates blood circulation, gives calm sleep and takes away nightmares. Will help you if you are suffering from sadness. It's also said to be able to ward off evil spirits, protect against poisons and act as an antidote to a snakebite.

Physical Properties:

Ruby

Ruby Birthstone

Color
Pink Red to Purple Red
Refractive Index
1.72 - 1.82
Chemistry
Aluminum Oxide
Hardness
9.00
Density
3.97 - 4.08
Crystal Group
Trigonal

Modern Birthstone:Cancer

Legend:During the Middle Ages, the ruby was believed to have an inner fire that could not be concealed.By the time of the Renaissance, only the wealthiest individuals could dream of owning a ruby. Ruby was said to be the most precious of the twelve stones God created when he created all things and a Ruby was placed on Aaron's neck by God's command. In the ancient language of Sanskrit, Ruby is called Ratnaraj, or king of precious stones. Rubies have been highly prized gemstones throughout history.

Occurrence: Rubies are obtained from Thailand, Tanzania, Myanmar (Burma) and Cambodia . The earliest source for ruby is in Sri Lanka. Mining began in Buddha's time (624-544 B.C.) near Ratnapura, which is Sinhalese for "City of Gems." .Burma is also noted for Rubies.The range of colors in Burmese rubies start from vibrant pink red through orange red, from the deep "pigeon's blood" red, to purple-red. The world's finest rubies come from the Mogok valley of Upper Burma. Thailand rubies are the deepest red of all the rubies, sometimes bordering on black.