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Career prospects in Psychology depend on the area of specialization. There is variety of options for psychologists. They can specialize in various areas such as
Clinical Psychologists - Clinical Psychologists work in counseling centers, independent or group practices, hospitals, community health centers or clinics.
Counseling Psychologists - Counseling is the skill of helping normal people, through discussion, to decide how best to cope in specific situations. They use various techniques, including interviewing and testing, to advise people on how to deal with problems of everyday living.
Social Psychologists - Social psychologists work with social organizations and institutions in research, systems design or other applied psychology fields.
Educational Psychologists - They may evaluate the effectiveness of academic programs, behavior management procedures, and other services provided in the school setting.
Industrial Psychologists - Industrial psychologists work for business, industry or government. They apply psychological principles and research methods to the workplace to improve the working conditions and productivity of employees.
Research psychologists -They use laboratory experiments and various kinds of tests, interviews, questionnaires and surveys.
Developmental psychologists - They study the physiological, cognitive, and social development that takes place throughout life. Some specialize in behavior during infancy, childhood, and adolescence, or changes that occur during maturity or old age.
Employment will grow because of increased demand for psychological services in schools, hospitals, social service agencies, mental health centers, substance abuse treatment clinics, consulting firms, and private companies. The nature of work of a psychologist is influenced most by the areas of specialization in the subject.
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After several years of experience, some psychologists-usually those with doctoral degrees-enter private practice or set up private research or consulting firms. The rise in health care costs associated with unhealthy lifestyles, such as smoking, alcoholism, and obesity, has made prevention and treatment more critical. An increase in the number of employee assistance programs, which help workers deal with personal problems, also should lead to employment growth for clinical and counseling specialties. Clinical and counseling psychologists also will be needed to help people deal with depression and other mental disorders, marriage and family problems, job stress, and addiction. The growing number of elderly will increase the demand for psychologists trained in geropsychology to help people deal with the mental and physical changes that occur as individuals grow older. Industrial-organizational psychologists also will be in demand to help to boost worker productivity and retention rates in a wide range of businesses.
Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist, an influential thinker and the founder of analytical psychology. Jung broadened Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytical approach, interpreting mental and emotional disturbances as an attempt to find personal and spiritual wholeness. Born on July 26, 1875, in Creswell, Switzerland, the lonely childhood an inclination for dreaming and fantasy that greatly influenced his adult work. After graduating in medicine in 1902 from the universities of Basel and Zurich, with a wide background in biology, zoology, paleontology, and archaeology. Psychiatry interested him because it combined human behavior and science. In December 1900, the young doctor became a staff physician at Zurich's Burgolzli Psychiatric Hospital.
Leo Kanner (June 13, 1894 - April 3, 1981) was an Austrian-American psychiatrist and physician known for his work related to autism.Kanner was born in Klekotow, Austria. He studied at the University of Berlin from 1913, his studies broken by service with the Austrian Army in World War I, finally receiving his M.D. in 1921. He emigrated to the United States in 1924 to take a position as an Assistant Physician at the State Hospital in Yankton County, South Dakota. In 1930 he was selected to develop the first child psychiatry service in a pediatric hospital at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore. He became Associate Professor of Psychiatry in 1933.
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Institutes :Some of the prominent institutions offering courses in psychology can be had from the following links.. Click here for more information