Dentistry is a branch of medicine where a dentists evaluates, diagnosis, prevent or treat diseases, disorders of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and related structures and their impact on the human body. Thus dentists diagnose and treat problems with teeth and tissues in the mouth, along with giving advice and administering care to help prevent future problems. They provide instruction on diet, brushing, flossing, the use of fluorides, and other aspects of dental care. Awareness on the importance of oral health has led to the introduction of new fields like cosmetic dentistry; periodontics , oral pathology and orthodontics have all enhanced the scope of this field. Dentistry has started using a variety of techniques and procedures such as computers and magnetic resonance imaging for filling, crowning and scaling of teeth, extracting teeth, treating gum diseases and fitting artificial replacements of the teeth and jaw. Problems dealing with the jaw or any invasive oral procedure are usually undertaken by an oral surgeon.
TYPES OF DENTISTRY
||Restorative dentistry includes such treatment as fillings, tooth coloured and silver (amalgam), crowns, bridgework and veneers.|
||Endodontics would include Root Canal Treatment, the removal of the nerve of the tooth, and the sealing of the tooth to prevent further infections |
||Orthodontics is the speciality which encompasses moving the teeth around the mouth using various appliances such as braces and retainers in order to improve the function of the teeth, or the aesthetics of the mouth.|
||Maxillo-facial surgery would encompass any oral surgery, for example removing the remnants of broken teeth from the jawbone, or indeed teeth which are erupted, buried or impacted.|
||This is the removal of the apex of the tooth. The apex is the very tip of the bottom of the tooth which is embedded into the jawbone|
||Implantology is the study of dental implants, which are often used to replace single or multiple teeth which have been lost. |
||Periodontics concerns the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease.|
||Prosthetics is the art of replacing missing teeth with artificial ones.|
|Temporomandibular Joint Dentistry
||The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint is the area in front of the ear, where the lower jaw hinges onto the base of the skull|
Dentistry is changing rapidly, creating many opportunities and challenges. Excellent employment opportunities are available for dentists in
• dental departments in hospitals
• dental clinics
• health departments
• teaching departments in dental colleges.
• Dental Hygienist,
• Dental assistant
• Dental consultant to models
Apart from this, dentists could also work in the Research and Advisory functions of a pharmaceutical and other companies producing oral care products and medicines like toothpaste, mouth wash, gum care products, etc. Self-employment is also a promising avenue. With gaining experience, one can start his/her own individual practice. Many dentists prefer to be in private practice, as it provides the best financial prospects as well as greater independence. Private practitioners work either alone, often setting up a clinic on their own premises, or in partnership with colleagues, sharing resources and overheads.
TOP PROFESSIONALS IN THE FIELD OF DENTISTRY
Norman W. Kingsley.
Norman W. Kingsley. Often called "The Father of Orthodontics," Kingsley was a dentist, an artist, writer and sculptor who did pioneering work studying the cleft palate. His 1880 work "Treatise on Oral Deformities" was enormously influential on the field of dentistry.
J. N. Farrar
J. N. Farrar He is also referred to as "The Father of Orthodontics," his two-volume work, "A Treatise on the Irregularities of the Teeth and Their Corrections," became a standard reference text for many years, in part because of the generous illustrations. Farrar was an expert at designing dental appliances, and he's credited with first suggested the use of mild force at intervals to move teeth.
Sir James Crichton-Browne
Sir James Crichton-Browne. Actually a renowned British psychiatrist, Crichton-Browne is famous for his contribution to oral health. A passionate believer in the need to ensure dental care for children, he advocated the use of fluorine in the diets of pregnant women and children almost a half-century before modern research confirmed fluorine's value in preventing cavities.
Edward Angle. During his lifetime, Angle was able to truly change the profession of dentistry. At the Angle School of Orthodontics, he was able to write extensively about different kinds of mouth abnormalities and create devices to correct them. Many of his treatment systems are still used today.
Pierre Fauchard. An important French physician Fauchard is credited as "The Father of Modern Dentistry" (nor orthodontics, as that title was already taken - twice). His 1728 book "The Surgeon Dentist" describes basic oral anatomy and function, signs and symptoms of oral pathology, operative methods for removing decay and restoring teeth, periodontal disease (pyorrhea), orthodontics, replacement of missing teeth, and tooth transplantation. His book is regarded as the first complete scientific description of dentistry.
Green Vardiman Black
Green Vardiman Black. A colorful name led to a colorful life as a dentist. Black became a professor of Oral Pathology at the Missouri Dental College, and while there, he created more than one hundred scientific papers on the subject of dentistry. He managed to standardize many operative procedures during his lifetime.
Horoscope - Career for Zodiac Signs
Dentistry is changing rapidly, creating many opportunities and challenges. So if you think this is the career which you would want to then just check out these sun signs in favour of dentistry
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