The Union Jack of British Singapore over Singapore for 140 years, from 1819 to 1959 and initially it was a part of the Federation of Malaysia which comprised of North Borneo and Sarawak till it left in the year 1959 and it was in this year the first national flag of Singapore was adopted. During this period Singapore was self governed within the British Empire.
The current national flag was finalized in the year 1965 when they got independence from Malaysia on August 9.The national flag of Singapore is divided into two halves the upper half which is red in colour and the lower half which is white in colour.On the hoist side or towards the left side of the red portion lies a half crescent white moon. To the right of this crescent moon are five stars in a circle which are five pointed and are also white in colour.The moon here is said to signify Singapore as a young developing rising nation. The five, five pointed stars represent democratic system, growth, justice and peace which are basic principles of Singapore. The red colour of the flag officially signifies the democratic and brotherhood nature of the people of Singapore, otherwise it is the most favourite colour of Chinese for Singapore's major population is Chinese and in fact white denotes purity and virtuousness.
The Crescent Moon on the red band according to astrology is large enough for its gravity to affect the Earth, stabilizing its orbit and producing the regular ebb and flow of the tides. The Moon is familiar to us for its different phases, waxing and waning in appearance in an unchanging cycle. It is also associated with the mother, maternal instincts or the urge to nurture, the home, the need for security, and the past, especially early experiences and childhood. The moon has been used as the symbol of Elixir and is believed to give eternal life. Every religious ritual is done according to the waxing and waning of the moon. The crescent moon even reflects the peaceful and friendly attitude of the Singapore people. On the right side of the crescent moon there are 5 stars and astrology says that the star is connected with the symbol of good sheperd.The five-pointed star, if drawn with points of equal length and angles of 36° at each point, is sometimes termed a golden five pointed star. If the colinear edges are joined together a pentagram is produced, which is the simplest of the unicursal star polygons, and a symbol of mystical and magical significance. The golden five-pointed star is a very common ideogram in the western world, and has particularly strong associations with military power and war thus signifying the military of Singapore. Astrological star is a symbol of light meaning bright future. In this state we feel secure but free, and can be more loving, more accepting of other people. By associating ourselves with the Star symbol, we are thinking of ourselves at the simplest, finest, level. As nothing but light, in fact. And just as the demonstration of our loving nature, even just a smile to a passer-by, can brighten other people's lives - can totally alter the course of a day for them - so letting the Starlight shine from our hearts has a way of touching them inwardly. The star is generally said to symbolize all our hopes and aspirations. It means balance between the gifts of life and our gift to life.
The white colour is precise, critical, and sincere and in the Singapore flag it is used as the symbol of purity. Red is active, daring, passionate, and optimistic. It enhances alertness and encourages activity. Red is held to be the most intense colour, the furthest from both black and white, and it is noteworthy that those languages which only have words for three basic colours always select black, white, and red. The red colour according to astrology signifies passion, warmth, vigor, strength and vitality which are also the nature of the Singaporeans. Red being related to fire and blood it is considered to be symbol of heat. It is even believed that red is the first color used by human beings.
According to numerologists, each number possesses a certain power that exists in the occult connection between the relations of things and the principles in nature which they express. Numerology is the study of numbers, and the occult manner in which they reflect certain aptitudes and character tendencies, as an integral part of the cosmic plan. The stars in the flag have 5 points and the number 5 has always been regarded as mystical and magical, yet essentially 'human'. We have five fingers/toes on each limb extremity. We commonly note five senses - sight, hearing, smell, touch and taste. We perceive five stages or initiations in our lives - eg. birth, adolescence, coitus, parenthood and death. The red and the white band 2 in count indicate that the nature of the people of Singapore as passionate, perceptive, peacemakers, diplomatic, always seeking harmony, and truthful, tough fighters when provoked. They have also limited to 1 number of stars and crescent for number 1 signifies the leadership skills, goal-oriented, strong will power, courageous, unconventional, inventive and creative skills of the people of Singapore. The numerology for the country name Singapore is 5 which signify that the people are versatile and multi-talented, upbeat and inspirational, good communicator and motivators.